Oleh : Dheska Arthyka Palifiana,Vionita
Background: Cervical and breast cancer are the highest causes of death in developing countries. Globally, there are 600.000 cases and 300.000 deaths annually that nearly 80% occur in developing countries. These facts make cervical and breast cancer on the first and second of the highest cancer experienced by women in the world and on the first position in developing countries. The efforts in in controlling cancer can be done through the prevention of risk factors, early detection, epidemiological surveillance, and information dissemination. The prevention of cervical cancer as well as monitoring of pre-cancerous lesions is through Pap smear test, another method of examination that more simple is the Inspection of Visual Acetic Acid (IVA Test) is more affordable price, meanwhile breast cancer prevention can be done with Breast Self Examination (BSE)
Research Objective: To provide information on Breast and Cervical Cancer and how to detect and prevent to women prisoners in Penitentiary of CLASS IIA Yogyakarta.
Research Method: The counseling of Breast and Cervical cancer conducted on 50 women prisoners in Penitentiary Class IIA Yogyakarta on 20 July 2017.
Results: Based on age obtained that most of the respondents were ≥ 35 years as much as 52%. Based on secondary education, there was as much as 54%. The multipara Parity was as much as 64%. Knowledge of breast and cervical cancer before the counseling was as much as of 46% in less category, and after the counseling was as much as 70%, mostly good category. The interest or effort in doing breast self-examination before counseling was as much as 68%, mostly in high category, and after the counseling was mostly in high category as much as 96%.
Conclusion: The knowledge of women prisoners on breast and cervical cancer increased after the counseling, the interest or effort of respondents was also increased after the counseling.
Keywords: Reproductive health education, Women prisoners, Penitentiary
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