Oleh : Atik Nur Istiqomah, Dyah Muliawati
The incidence of anemia in Bantul Regency is the highest in Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta at 27.67%. Pleret Community Health Centers has pregnant women with the biggest anemia in Bantul Regency which is 11,32%. The distribution of iron tablets in Bantul Regency has been above the achievement target of 87.37%. However, the achievement of these targets was not followed by the decrease in the number of pregnant women's anemia in Bantul Regency. Psidium guajava is the third largest result in Bantul Regency that can be utilized to optimize the absorption of iron. Incorporating psidium guajava into the daily menu can keep the potential of anemia in pregnancy, fetal disability, and premature.
This research is an experimental quasi with approach of pre and post only test design, to know the influence of psidium guajava in decreasing incidence of anemia in pregnant women. The location of this study was conducted at Midwife Practice. The number of samples of each group of 30 respondents taken by purposive sampling. Univariate analysis to analyze descriptively research variables by presenting data in the form of frequency distribution tables and narration as an explanation of the table presented. The analysis used to test the hypothesis using Independent Sample T-test. Multivariate analysis is used to find out how big influence of confounding variable using Multiple Linear Regression.
Giving iron tablets with psidium guajava can increase hemoglobin levels in pregnant women of second trimester with an average increase of 1.18 gr%. The increase of hemoglobin level significantly that is equal to 0,002. There was an average difference in the increase in hemoglobin levels in pregnant women. The increase was greater in the treatment group than in the control group.
Keywords : Psidium Guajava, Anemia, Pregnant Women
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