In Indonesia from 13 pathology laboratories during the period of 1988-1991 showed
that cervical cancer took the first place of 10 major diseases in women (28.66%). Based on data
from the Health Research in 2013,the highest prevalence of cancer in Indonesia is located in
Yogyakarta at 0.41% or 4.1 of the 1000 population. In Indonesia, every day at least 20 deaths
occurred due to cervical cancer. Measures to reduce deaths from cervical cancer continue
encouraged one of them to do the screening. In the subdistrict of Jetis Bumijo, Yogyakarta city
is known that most couples of childbearing age who are located in the working area of the
village health center Bumijo which is about 1,149 pairs. Various methods are used in fertile
couples to understand about cervical cancer and screening in couples of childbearing age is. The
purpose of this research is to identify the rate of cervical cancer on PUS mother (Pasangan Usia
Identifying cervical cancer screening behavior in mothers of , Knowing the characteristics
of respondents based on age, educational status, and employment status.
The benefits of scientific research are proving scientifically the correlation between
cervical cancer knowledge and behaviors of women in cervical cancer screening.This research
is used as an input in the design of programs thatrelated to efforts to improve the coverage of
early detection of cervical cancer and overcoming obstacles - obstacles in the implementation of
early detection of cervical cancer.
Research hypothesis is :There is a relationship between the level of knowledge about
cervical cancer to cervical cancer screening behaviors in women couples childbearing age
This research is an observational analytic research with implementation form of survey.
Research design time approach Cross sectional. The research location is in the subdistrict Jetis
Bumijo, Yogyakarta city.Sampling was done by Cluster Sample Random Sampling.
The result of the research of the level of knowledge about cervical cancer from 300
respondents are: the highest knowledge was 23 people (7.67%),the medium knowledge was 241
(80.33%), and the low knowledge was 36(12%).Cervical cancer screening behaviors of 300
respondents was : that is notconducting amounted to 179 people (59.67%) and 121 people who
did (40.33%). The statistical test that used is the Product Moment correlation, for analyzing all
the variables studied and determine whether there is a significant relationship at the confidence
level ( = 0.05) that the P value equal 0.013 <0.05 (α = 5%) which means there is a significant
relationship between the level of knowledge about cervical cancer with cervical cancer
screening behaviors in Mother of fertile couples (PUS).
ConclusionThere is a relationship between the level of knowledge about cervical cancer with
cervical cancer screening behaviors with a p-value of 0.013,where the levels of knowledge
about cervical cancer are increasingly growing high, then more and more high willingness to
undertake cervical cancer screening.
AKADEMI KESEHATAN KARYA HUSDA YOGYAKARTA
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